QoS Considerations for Twilio

Twilio uses WebRTC, which runs over the Internet and doesn't honor the traditional Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP)/Type of Service (TOS) byte prioritization required for Quality of Service (QoS). When private networking is involved, DSCP/TOS byte prioritization should be available, as it would be with any RTP payload.

WebRTC prioritization is not a major concern for Mean Opinion Score (MOS). It only becomes a concern when the Internet pipe is saturated or unmanaged to the point where traffic struggles to get through. In that case, better policy enforcement (to restrict best effort, non-RTP traffic) is the best approach.

To achieve QoS over the internet, we recommend the following:

  • Use standard Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) to route WebRTC audio payloads.
  • Prioritize outbound RTP packets going to Twilio.
  • Set network policy enforcement tools on the firewall to ensure that inbound RTP traffic is allocated sufficient bandwidth to run. For example, you can restrict available bandwidth to inbound non-RTP traffic so that inbound RTP traffic has enough bandwidth.

For more information about destination IPs and ports required for QoS prioritization, see QoS Considerations for Twilio.

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